On the other hand, We feel greatly consoled when We see this same French people increasing its zeal and affection for the Holy See in proportion as that See is abandoned — We should rather say warred with upon earth. It is precisely this affection that has caused Us to watch with deep interest and then to revolve in Our mind the succession of events, sometimes sad, sometimes consoling, which, of late years, has taken place in your midst. God alone can measure the abyss of evil into which she will sink if this legislation, instead of improving, will stubbornly continue in a course which must end in plucking from the minds and hearts of Frenchmen the religion which has made them so great. ... Encyclical letter of His Holiness Pope Leo XIII. LEO XIII. 11. The encyclicals of Leo XIII challenged bishops to promote the rosary in their dioceses with great zeal and ardor. It were an easy task to prove this truth, history in hand, but what would be the use? We have them all in our library; you will find the links below. Want to be automatically notified of new documents? In addition, six more popes wrote major documents on the Rosary in the twentieth century. It is God. Learn. The points in question are: Religion and country, political power and legislation, the conduct to be observed in regard to this power and legislation, the Concordat, the separation of Church and State….We cherish the hope and the confidence that the elucidation of these points will dissipate the prejudices of many honest, well-meaning men, facilitate the pacification of minds, and thereby cement the union of all Catholics for the sustaining of the great cause of Christ, who loves the Franks. To these enemies, and they say it clearly enough, this separation means that political legislation be entirely independent of religious legislation; nay, more, that Power be absolutely indifferent to the interests of Christian society, that is to say, of the Church; in fact, that it deny her very existence. Catholic Church. Julian was an emperor unfaithful to God, an apostate, a pervert, an idolator. You, Venerable Brethren, by your authority and with the enlightened zeal for Church and Fatherland which so distinguishes you, will give able support to this peace-making work. Accordingly, such points in legislation as are hostile to religion and to God should never be approved; to the contrary, it is a duty to disapprove them. 31. This is all the more imperative because an insurrection stirs up hatred among citizens, provokes civil war, and may throw a nation into chaos and anarchy, and this great duty of respect and dependence will endure as long as the exigencies of the common good shall demand it, since this good is, after God, the first and last law in society. However, here it must be carefully observed that whatever be the form of civil power in a nation, it cannot be considered so definitive as to have the right to remain immutable, even though such were the intention of those who, in the beginning, determined it…. has manifested a special interest in all problems relating to the welfare of society. Arcanum outlines the role of marriage in modern time, and goes through those actions which weaken the marriage contract such as polygamy and divorce. This continues to be immutable and worthy of respect, as, considered in its nature, it is constituted to provide for the common good, the supreme end which gives human society its origin. Let us therefore place above all else the glory of God and of His Church; let us work for her with an assiduity at once constant and effective, and leave all care of success to Jesus Christ, who tells us: “In the world you shall have distress: but have confidence, I have overcome the world.”[5]. Amid the many and great demonstrations of affection which from almost all the peoples of the earth have come to Us, and are still coming to Us, in congratulation upon the happy attainment of the fiftieth anniversary of Our priesthood, there is one which moves Us in a quite special way. Rerum Novarum sought a Christian basis for property rights in the fact that man is created in the image of God. Encyclicals are normally addressed to the bishops of the church, but a few (notably Pacem in terris by John XXIII) have been addressed also to “all men of good will.” The formal title of an encyclical consists of the first few words of the official text; the language is usually Latin, and the document is not considered to be infallible. Pope St. Pius V initiated public papal writing on the Rosary back in 1569 in the very brief document Consueverunt Romani (the current “encyclical” form was not developed until 1740). We delight in the hope that those who are in power will appreciate Our words, which aim at the happiness and prosperity of France. 1. And now, before going any further, We must indicate a craftily circulated calumny making most odious imputations against Catholics, and even against the Holy See itself. Thus this work confines itself to one topic, Catholic social teaching, and one kind of documents, the eight major papal encyclicals on the Church's social teaching, going from Leo XIII's Rerum Novarum in 1891 to John Paul II's Centesimus Annus in 1991, plus an important wartime anniversary address on Rerum in … We know that, by a lamentable abuse of his reason, and still more so of his will, the atheist denies these principles. PLAY. To Our Venerable Brothers the Archbishops, Bishops, Clergy and Faithful of France. Therefore, on this ground, they can afford neither indolence of action nor party divisions; the one would bespeak cowardice unworthy of a Christian, the other would bring about disastrous weakness. CXXIV, n. 7, fin. In addition, he approved two new Marian scapulars and was the first pope to fully embrace the concept of Mary as Mediatrix. Match. 24. God; always God. 5.0 out of 5 stars 1. To the natural generosity of her heart Christian charity came and added an abundant source of new energy; her wonderful activity received still greater impetus from contact with the light that guides and is the pledge of constancy, the Christian faith, which, by the hand of France, traced such glorious pages in the history of mankind. It was St. Pius who prayed the Rosary to ensure the Catholic victory over the invading Moors at Lepanto in 1571. But they make a reservation formulated thus: As soon as the Church, utilizing the resources which common law accords to the least among Frenchmen, will, by redoubling her native activity, cause her work to prosper, then the State intervening, can and will put French Catholics outside the common law itself. Test. His most frequent topic, however, was Marian devotion and the Rosary. In descending from the domain of abstractions to that of facts, we must beware of denying the principles just established: they remain fixed. What amply justifies the wisdom of the Church is that in her relations with political powers she makes abstraction of the forms which differentiate them and treats with them concerning the great religious interests of nations, knowing that hers is the duty to undertake their tutelage above all other interests. Specifically Leo says “Let it be your work venerable brethren to revive the Christian feeling among your people, and interest in the Catholic cause, a confidence in Our Lady’s help, and a spirit of prayer” ( Quod Auctoritate , 4). We have explained, Venerable Brethren, in an abridged though clear way, some if not all the points upon which French Catholics and all intelligent men should be at peace and unity, so as to remedy, in so far as still remains possible, the evils with which France is afflicted, and to elevate its moral greatness. It was these threatening calumnies which drew from Pilate the sentence of death against Him whom he had repeatedly declared innocent. © Copyright 2000-2020 We desired to recall them only to recommend Catholics not to provoke a secession by interfering in a matter with which it is the business of the Holy See to deal. tion of the tiara Leo XIII. Whence if follows that the State, by missing in this connection the principal object of its institution, finally becomes false to itself by denying that which is the reason of its own existence. $12.95. As soon as the State refuses to give to God what belongs to God, by a necessary consequence it refuses to give to citizens that to which, as men, they have a right; as, whether agreeable or not to accept, it cannot be denied that man’s rights spring from his duty toward God. And who, better than the Church, is in position to know it — she who has striven to maintain habitual relations with all political governments? In Apolog. Truly this is the revival of a very ancient calumny, as its invention belongs to the first enemies of Christianity. Arcanum is a Catholic encyclical written in 1880 by Pope Leo XIII on the topic of Christian marriage. And that too at the very time when the custodians of power used it against her, thereby depriving themselves of the strongest support given their authority and of efficacious means of obtaining from the people obedience to their laws. And when We behold, one after another, the dire consequences of these sinful attacks which conspire to ruin morals, religion, and even political interests, wisely understood, how express the bitterness that overwhelms Us and the apprehensions that beset Us? Subscribe to Encyclicals By Dr. Jeff Mirus ( The calumny made headway; and in their credulity the pagans called the first Christians “useless creatures, dangerous citizens, factionists, enemies of the Empire and the Emperors.”[4] But in vain did the apologists of Christianity by their writings, and Christians by their splendid conduct, endeavor to demonstrate the absurdity and criminality of these qualifications: they were not heeded. If the distinction just established has its major importance, it is likewise manifestly reasonable: Legislation is the work of men invested with power, and who, in fact, govern the nation; therefore it follows that, practically, the quality of the laws depends more upon the quality of these men than upon the power. Research Links. Pope [1878-1903 : Leo XIII]. 23. From that time onward a social need obtrudes itself upon the nation; it must provide for itself without delay. . Founded by Him who was, who is, and who will be forever,[8] she has received from Him, since her very origin, all that she requires for the pursuing of her divine mission across the changeable ocean of human affairs. Pope Leo XIII - 1892 To Our Venerable Brothers the Archbishops, ... and in one of Our Encyclicals, still within the memory of all, ... in the beginning, determined it…. And how are these political changes of which We speak produced? By giving one’s self up to abstractions, one could at length conclude which is the best of these forms, considered in themselves; and in all truth it may be affirmed that each of them is good, provided it lead straight to its end — that is to say, to the common good for which social authority is constituted; and finally, it may be added that, from a relative point of view, such and such a form of government may be preferable because of being better adapted to the character and customs of such or such a nation. Here We intend alluding principally to the political differences among the French in regard to the actual republic — a question We would treat with the clearness which the gravity of the subject demands, beginning with the principles and descending thence to practical results. Who then but understands that for all Frenchmen professing the Catholic religion the great anxiety should be to insure its preservation, and that with all the more devotedness since in their midst the sects are making Christianity an object of implacable hostility. See full bio. 6. 5. 17. To lighten our editing burden, only current donors are allowed to Sound Off. Second Council of Constantinople – 553 A.D. Third Council of Constantinople : 680-681 A. D. Fourth Council of Constantinople : 869-870. Let it not be forgotten that law is a precept ordained according to reason and promulgated for the good of the community by those who, for this end, have been entrusted with power. Their very name was equivalent to a declaration of war; and Christians, by the mere fact of their being such, and for no other reason, were forced to choose between apostasy and martyrdom, being allowed no alternative. However, when he made them form into ranks and march against a hostile nation, they obeyed instantly. When different families, without giving up the rights and duties of domestic society, unite under the inspiration of nature, in order to constitute themselves members of another larger family circle called civil society, their object is not only to find therein the means of providing for their material welfare, but, above all, to draw thence the boon of moral improvement. 9. 18. Christian soldiers served this faithless emperor, but as soon as there was question of the cause of Jesus Christ they recognized only Him who was in heaven. And the authors of these lies, or of others of equal strength, omitted nothing that would aid their emissaries in propagating them far and wide; and thus did St. Justin, martyr, rebuke the Jews of his time: “Far from repenting when you had learned of His resurrection from the dead, you sent to Jerusalem shrewdly chosen men to announce that a heresy and an impious sect had been started by a certain seducer called Jesus of Galilee.”[3]. “We have found this man perverting our nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, and saying that he is Christ, the king[1]. Various political governments have succeeded one another in France during the last century, each having its own distinctive form: the Empire, the Monarchy, and the Republic. As his encyclicals on the Rosary julian commanded them to honor idols and offer them incense, what! Casti Connubii and Pope Paul VI 's 1968 Humanae Vitae.. Summary – 553 A.D. Third Council of dependence! 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